European Union

European Parliament: 1999 - 2004 Outgoing Parliament

Distribution of political groups in the European Parliament
Political groups in the European Parliament Number of seats % of seats
EPP-ED - Group of the European People's Party (Christian Democrats) and European Democrats 295 37.44%
PSE - Socialist Group in the European Parliament 232 29.44%
ELDR - Group of the European Liberal, Democrat and Reform Party 67 8.50%
GUE/NGL - Confederal Group of the European United Left/Nordic Green Left 55 6.98%
Verts/ALE - Group of the Greens/European Free Alliance 47 5.96%
UEN - Union for Europe of the Nations Group 30 3.81%
EDD - Group for a Europe of Democracies and Diversities 18 2.28%
NI - Non-attached Members 44 5.58%

Since 2009, according to Parliament’s rules of procedure, a political group shall consist of at least 25 Members elected in at least seven Member States.

MEPs' gender balance by year Constitutive session

Gender balance of MEPs by year
European Union
Year Women Men
1979 16% 84%
1984 18% 82%
1989 19% 81%
1994 26% 74%
1999 30% 70%
2004 31% 69%
2009 35% 65%
2014 37% 63%

Turnout by year Final results

Turnout in the European Union by year, in percentage points
Year European Union
2004 45.47%
2009 42.97%
2014 42.61%