European Union

European Parliament: 2004 - 2009 Outgoing Parliament

Distribution of political groups in the European Parliament
Political groups in the European Parliament Number of seats % of seats
EPP-ED - Group of the European People's Party (Christian Democrats) and European Democrats 288 36.69%
PSE - Socialist Group in the European Parliament 218 27.77%
ALDE - Group of the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe 100 12.74%
UEN - Union for Europe of the Nations Group 44 5.61%
Verts/ALE - Group of the Greens/European Free Alliance 43 5.48%
GUE/NGL - Confederal Group of the European United Left - Nordic Green Left 40 5.10%
IND/DEM - Independence/Democracy Group 22 2.80%
NI - Non-attached Members 30 3.82%

Since 2009, according to Parliament’s rules of procedure, a political group shall consist of at least 25 Members elected in at least seven Member States.

MEPs' gender balance by year Constitutive session

Gender balance of MEPs by year
European Union
Year Women Men
1979 16% 84%
1984 18% 82%
1989 19% 81%
1994 26% 74%
1999 30% 70%
2004 31% 69%
2009 35% 65%
2014 37% 63%

Turnout by year Final results

Turnout in the European Union by year, in percentage points
Year European Union
2004 45.47%
2009 42.97%
2014 42.61%